court


court
I. court court 1 [kɔːt ǁ kɔːrt] noun
1. the court the people in a court, especially the judge, other officials, and the jury (= ordinary people who decide certain cases). The phrase is often used when talking about what a judge or jury think or decide about a case:

• The court said the defendants had been denied a fair trial.

2. [countable] LAW a place where all the information concerning a crime or disagreement is given so that it can be judged:

• The new laws haven't yet been tested in court.

• Sexual harassment is a criminal offense in Germany, but few women complain or go to court (= start the legal process to have a case dealt with in court ) .

• Federal authorities are free to take taxpayers to court to collect unpaid taxes.

• The two sides agreed to settle the case out of court (= without asking the court to make a decision ) .

ˈAdmiralty court [singular] LAW
in Britain, a court that makes decisions about ships and the sea
apˈpeal court [countable] also appeals court, apˈpellate court LAW
a court where someone can ask for a decision or judgement made in a lower court to be changed:

• An appeals court overturned the $5.2 million award.

• A jury in a state court ruled in favor of the Morning News and an appellate court upheld the decision.

ˈbankruptcy court [countable] LAW
a court that decides cases where companies are unable to continue trading because they cannot pay their debts and have gone bankrupt:

• The company has filed for protection from creditors in bankruptcy court.

ˈcivil court [countable] LAW
a court that makes decisions on legal cases brought by private citizens that concern private problems or disagreements rather than crimes
comˈmercial court [countable] LAW
a court that makes decisions in disagreements involving businesses
ˈcounty court [countable] LAW
in Britain, a court that makes decisions on legal cases brought by private citizens within a particular area, that are not important enough to be heard in a High Court
ˈcriminal court [countable] LAW
a court where judgements about crimes are made:

• Most lawyers without a criminal speciality aren't skilled enough to operate in criminal courts.

ˈCrown Court [countable] LAW
in Britain, a court that deals with serious criminal cases and is higher than a Magistrates' Court:

• He admitted eight theft charges at Liverpool Crown Court.

ˈdistrict court [countable] LAW
in the US, a federal court at which a trial is first heard:

• the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York

ˈfamily court [countable] LAW
in the US, a court that makes decisions about divorce cases
ˈFederal Court [countable] LAW
in the US and some other countries, a court that makes decisions about cases at a national level rather than a state level:

• the high quality of justice the nation has long expected of the Federal Courts

ˈHigh Court [singular] LAW
1. an important court in London, that deals mainly with civil (= not criminal) cases for England and Wales:

• A top sportswoman was awarded £230,981 damages in the High Court yesterday after being knocked down by a motorcycle.

2. an important court in Scotland for criminal and civil cases:

• A man who was caught in possession of a stolen famous painting has been jailed for 18 months at the High Court in Edinburgh.

ˈlabour court , labor court [countable]
a court in some countries that deals with cases or disagreements involving employers and employees:

• Disagreements over important personnel issues such as hiring and firing are resolved in the labour court.

ˈmercantile court [countable] LAW
the name for a commercial court in some places:

• the Manchester mercantile court

ˌsmall ˈclaims court [countable] LAW
a court where disagreements between private citizens involving small amounts of money are decided without the use of lawyers:

• Claims of up to £1,000 can be made in the small claims court, but in larger, more unusual cases you'll probably need a solicitor.

ˈstate court [countable] LAW
in the US and some other countries, a court that makes decisions about cases at a state level rather than a national level:

• Although some state courts allow cameras in courtrooms, they currently aren't permitted in Federal Court.

Suˈpreme Court LAW
[singular] the most important court of law in some countries, and in some states of the US
  [m0] II. court court 2 verb [transitive]
1. to behave nicely towards someone because you want them to do something for you or you want to get something from them:

• A distinguished chemist, Ed Alexander has been courted by large corporations, but he stays in the classroom doing what he loves - teaching.

• The EU is being courted by a number of countries putting themselves forward as the best suppliers of energy.

2. FINANCE if one company courts another, it has discussions with the other company about the possibility of a friendly takeover or merger (= combining the companies ) :

• While only Daimler-Benz has courted the luxury car company in public, Volkswagen is also said to be interested in buying it.

* * *

Ⅰ.
court UK US /kɔːt/ noun (also law court, also court of law)
[C or U] LAW a room or building in which trials and legal cases are decided, or the group of people, including, for example, a judge and other officials, who listen to and make decisions on legal cases: »

Different courts are responsible for different types of cases.

»

Unless a solution can be reached, the case will go to court later this month.

»

The legality of electronic signatures is to be tested in court.

the court found/held »

The website was shut down after a US district court held that the copying of albums was a violation of copyright law.

court case/hearing/trial »

The court case is due to be heard next month.

Compare TRIBUNAL(Cf. ↑tribunal)
take sb to court — Cf. take sb to court
settle (a case) out of court — Cf. settle out of court
See also ADMIRALTY COURT(Cf. ↑Admiralty court), APPEAL COURT(Cf. ↑appeal court), APPEALS COURT(Cf. ↑appeals court), CIVIL COURT(Cf. ↑civil court), COMMERCIAL COURT(Cf. ↑commercial court), COUNTY COURT(Cf. ↑county court), CRIMINAL COURT(Cf. ↑criminal court), CROWN COURT(Cf. ↑Crown Court), DISTRICT COURT(Cf. ↑district court), FEDERAL COURT(Cf. ↑federal court), HIGH COURT(Cf. ↑High Court), LABOUR COURT(Cf. ↑labour court), LAW COURT(Cf. ↑law court), OUT-OF-COURT(Cf. ↑out-of-court), TRIBUNAL(Cf. ↑tribunal), STATE COURT(Cf. ↑state court), SUPREME COURT(Cf. ↑Supreme Court)
Ⅱ.
court UK US /kɔːt/ verb [T]
to try to attract people, especially in order get something from them, for example, attention or support: »

At this stage of a presidential race, candidates spend nearly all their time courting voters in their own party.

»

Traditionally, the company has courted customers aged 50 or over.

FINANCE to formally discuss with another company the possibility of buying or getting control of it: »

The company is courting two takeover targets as it prepares to grow its healthcare business.


Financial and business terms. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • court — / kōrt/ n [Old French, enclosed space, royal entourage, court of justice, from Latin cohort cohors farmyard, armed force, retinue] 1 a: an official assembly for the administration of justice: a unit of the judicial branch of government the… …   Law dictionary

  • court — court, courte (kour, kour t ; usage variable pour la liaison du t ; les uns disent : un kour espace de temps ; les autres : un kour t espace de temps ; au pluriel, même incertitude pour l s ; quelques uns disant : les kour espaces de temps ; plus …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • court — COURT, COURTE. adj. Qui a peu de longueur. Il est opposé à Long. Trop court. Bien court. Fort court. Un peu court. Extrêmement court. Cheveux courts. Queue courte. Cerises à courte queue. Cheval à courte queue. Il a le cou fort court, le cou… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Court — (k[=o]rt), n. [OF. court, curt, cort, F. cour, LL. cortis, fr. L. cohors, cors, chors, gen. cohortis, cortis, chortis, an inclosure, court, thing inclosed, crowd, throng; co + a root akin to Gr. chorto s inclosure, feeding place, and to E. garden …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Court — 〈[kɔ:t] m. 6; Sp.; Tennis〉 Spielfeld (bei Tennisturnieren); →a. Centrecourt [engl.] * * * Court [kɔ:t ], der; s, s [engl. court, eigtl. = Hof < afrz. court, ↑ Cour] (Tennis) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • court — [kôrt] n. [OFr < VL curtis < L cohors (gen. cohortis), enclosed place: see COHORT] 1. a) an uncovered space wholly or partly surrounded by buildings or walls; courtyard b) a special section or area of a building, as a museum, somewhat like… …   English World dictionary

  • Court — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Court Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • court — [n1] yard, garden of building cloister, close, compass, courtyard, curtilage, enclosure, forum, patio, piazza, plaza, quad, quadrangle, square, street; concepts 509,513 court [n2] ruler’s attendants castle, cortege, entourage, hall, lords and… …   New thesaurus

  • Court — bezeichnet als englischer Begriff den „Hof“ allgemein sowie den „Gerichtshof“ im Besonderen, siehe Gericht den Spielplatz für Ballsportarten wie Tennis und Squash, siehe Court (Sport) den Namen einer Gemeinde im Amtsbezirk Moutier, Kanton Bern,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • court — court; court·li·ness; court·ling; court·man; court·ship; cross·court; court·ly; Court; …   English syllables

  • court — ► NOUN 1) (also court of law) a body of people before whom judicial cases are heard. 2) the place where such a body meets. 3) a quadrangular area marked out for ball games such as tennis. 4) a quadrangle surrounded by a building or group of… …   English terms dictionary